EN 1113 Listening Skills I

Nature of listening and factors that affect listening (06 / 03 hrs)

  • What is listening? Ability to identify and understand what others are saying, involves understanding a speaker’s accent/pronunciation/grammar/ vocabulary and grasping the meaning.
  • Factors that affect listening:
  • Get the students to discuss and write a list in small groups.
  • Whole class discussion. Use the following factors in the discussion:

Listening passage is heard only once, content usually not well organized, cannot be listened to at a slower speed (message on radio, on tape), difficult to recognize individual words in the stream of speech, may contain colloquial words and expression and redundant utterances: repetitions, false starts, rephrasing, self-corrections, elaborations, meaningless utterances (e.g. I mean. you know…), no body language and facial expressions, etc

Extract specific information –selective listening (06 / 03 hrs)

  • Purpose: not to look for global/general meaning, but to be able to find necessary information. Students listen for names/dates/certain facts and events/ location/situation/context etc.
  • Types of tasks:
    • Listen to news. In the work sheet tick the category to which the news items you hear fall into.
    • Listen to announcements e.g. Airline arrivals and departures. Fill in the flight numbers, destinations, gate numbers, departure times etc.

Listening for the main idea and specific details (06 / 03 hrs)

  • Types of activities
  • Listen and take notes under given headings
  • Listen and answer comprehension check questions
  • Text types: Interviews, speeches

Understanding planned monologues (06 / 03 hrs)

  • In planned monologues the language is carefully structured. Provide the students with a task sheet to be completed while listening.
  • Types of activities: weather reports, news readings

Understanding unplanned monologues (06 / 03 hrs)

  • In unplanned monologues which are usually crated on the spot in response to an initial question there is a lot of pauses, redundancy and fragmentary utterances.
  • Types of tasks:
  • identify the meaningless speech, list them, and compare with others
  • Comprehension questions